VAASTU Shastra believes in the existence of VAASTU Purush who is
the main deity of a building. In this regard Rigved says:
"TAVA TVAM VAASTUNYU IMASI GA MADHYE
YATR GAVAU BHURI SHRINGA AVASAH ||"
that is VAASTU has a relation with Griha devata (deity of the home)
According to Shatpath Brahmin (an ancient scripture), VAASTU is
the ruling deity of animal stock and the people living in a home.
Concept of VAASTU Purush in VAASTU Shastra is an ancient one. As
per the scriptures, once a fierce battle took place in ancient times
between a demon Andhakasur and Lord Shiv. During the battle, a few
drops of Lord Shankar's sweat fell on the ground and gave birth
to a formidable monster. The monster at once began to kill the gods.
Acting unitedly then, all the gods captured the monster and burried
him with his face facing down. The gods also granted a boon to pacify
him: "You shall be worshipped in all auspicious tasks."
Since the gods made an abode on the monster, he came to be known
as VAASTU Purush. And since all the gods have an abode on him, he
is worshipped by prudent people.
Vishwakarma is regarded as the father of VAASTU Shastra. In his
treatise Vishwakarma Prakash, he writes about the origin of VAASTU
TAMEV VAASTU PURUSHAM BRAHMA SAMA SRIJATPRABHUH
KRISHNPAKSHE TRITIYATA MASI BHADRPADE TATHA ||
In Tretayug on the third day of the dark phase of the lunar month
Bhadrpad, Brahma created a formidable man. Even the gods were frightened
by his appearance. Then by Brahma's consent, all the gods pushed
him down, with his face downward and themselves sat on him.
The formidable man then appealed to Brahma: "O Lord, you have
created this cosmos. This body is also yours. Why then these gods
are torturing me without reason? Tell me how should I behave with
Pleased Brahma said: "Since this moment your worship shall
be indispensable in every auspicious construction work because of
your presence beneath the gods. Those who won't worship you for
any reason shall have to suffer penury and untimely death. They
shall have to face your wrath and hence obstacles in everything
ATRIYAM MRITYUMAPNOTIVIGHN VAKTASAYAPADE-PADE
VAASTU PUJAM AVARNAH TAVAHARU BHAVISHYATI ||
Therefore in the beginning of a building's construction, installation
of doors and on the occasion of making first entry into newly built
home, worship of VAASTU is more than must. Apart from these occasions,
on every auspicious task offerings ought to be made into fire according
to one's strength.
ORIENTATION OF VAASTU PURUSH IN A PLOT OF LAND
VAASTU Purush is lain with his face downward. His head points to
north-east, while feet point together to south-west. His right hand
and the joint of right leg point toward south-east, while left hand
and joint of left leg point to north west.
KNOWLEDGE OF DIRECTION
In VAASTU Shastra, eight directions - North, East, West, South,
North-east, South-east, South-west and North-west are considered
as important. If you are planning to build your bungalow or any
other building on the basis of VAASTU Shastra, first of all you
should have knowledge of your plot's direction. Then you should
decide in which direction you ought to keep your main gate. You
may if necessary, take the help of a compass to know the directions.
As the numerals have their apparent influence of human life, similarly
influence of the directions is also apparent. Richness or penury
of a person can be known from the location of his house. In which
direction is his house located? Which direction does the entrance
of his house face? How is the interior decoration? These and other
related things reveal the economic condition of a person. Similarly
changes that must be made in order to bring prosperity and to prevent
imminent danger or crisis can also be known with the help of VAASTU
As everybody knows there are four major directions - east, west,
north and south. Besides these, four sub-directions are also considered.
These are Agney (South-east), Nairitya (South-west), Vayavya (North-west)
and Ishaan (north-east). Each of these directions and sub-directions
has its own merits and demerits and yields results accordingly.
Every direction has a deity or lord that rules it.
EAST: Indra is the ruling deity of the
east. He was born out of Brahma's mouth and is capable of destroying
enemies. He can appear in any form as per his wishes. He is also
the lord of rains and has the wind as his assistant. Increment in
wealth, cereals and animal stock can be effected through worshipping
Indra. Indra is also the king of the heaven. Elephant Airavat is
Indra's vehicle and Vajra (lightning) in his weapon.
The east is also the abode of gods like Surya, Agni, Indra, Jayant,
Ish, Parjanya, Satya, Bhup and Akash.
The east is also known as a direction of lineage. During the construction
of the house, some portion must be left open in the east. It leads
to long life for the owner.
WEST: The west is the opposite of the
east. No work can progress in the west. Varun (Neptune) is the lord
of this direction, which is under the influence of sage Agastya.
Sea is the abode of Varun (Neptune). He therefore, has most influence
on the water bodies. A proper utilization of westerly portion of
plot leads to reputation, fame, prosperity and success for the owner.
NORTH: Kuber is the lord of this direction.
Literally, Kuber means the one who controls the imminent events
and causes increments. He has inassessible wealth and property.
Kuber is the king of Yakshas and Kinnars and is a friend of Rudra
(Shiv). Kailash is the abode of Kuber who has three legs, eight
hands and a yellow dot in place of eyes.
Mercury is the planet that rules the north. It is more influencial
in the dark phase of every lunar month. North is a also an abode
of the gods like Kuber, Diti, Aditi, Shail, Naga and Bhallat etc.
North is also a place of mother. Leaving some portion open in north
leads to prosperity of maternal side as well as provides wealth,
comforts, peace etc. for the owner.
SOUTH: Yama is the lord of this direction.
He is the son of Surya and is hostile towards Vishnu. Nakshatra
Bharani is the most important for him. During the last eight days
of the lunar months of Ashwin and Kartika this nakshatra is more
influencial. South direction weakens human life, hence all the auspicious
tasks are forbidden in the south. South is also an abode of the
gods like Yama, Gandharvas, Mriga, Pusha, Vitath and Kshat. In all
the south direction yields nothing but mourning, depression and
AGNEYA (SOUTH-EAST): Direction that lies
midway between the east and the south is known as Agneya (south-east).
Agni (fire) is the lord of this direction. He is the preserver and
defender of every being. Agni also carries the message of people
who worship and offer oblations with devotion to God.
Worshippers of Agni are economically strong and long living. Agni
himself takes care of the people who make offerings into him. Agni
also provides them with comfort, peace, prosperity and progeny.
While constructing a house, the first pillar must be erected in
the south-east direction. Alternatively, kitchen of the house should
occupy a place in this direction. This is the foremost and an important
rule of VAASTU Shastra. First day of every month also represents
the element fire.
A warm Agneya direction makes a man healthy, whereas a faulty use
makes the owner short tempered.
NAIRITYA (SOUTH-WEST): It lies midway
between the south and the west directions. Nairitya is the ruling
lady of this direction. Literally, Nairitya means repeated happening
- whether be it the birth of a baby or any other event. It also
means that anything not done at proper time can't have a repetition.
If the house is built in this direction, the home suffers continuous
South-west portion of the house should never be left open, nor
should a pit be dug is this direction. This direction is an abode
of demons and ghosts. To prevent the accumulation of inauspicious
and pain causing things, digging of pit in south-west is prohibited.
If for some reason, digging is necessary it should be covered as
early as possible or a sapling be planted in its place.
VAYAVYA (NORTH-WEST): It lies mid way
between the west and the north. Vayu (wind) is the lord of this
direction. Five kinds of Vayu - Prana, Upana, Samana, Vyana and
Udana are necessary for human life. Hanumana and Bheema are the
representations of Vayu. Those who worship Vayu in the form of Hanumana,
get their desired results at once.
North-west angle is the progenitor of friendship or enemity. Hence,
a faulty use of this portion of plot may result in majority of the
enemies. If you use this angle of your plot wisely and flawlessly,
you will have many friends who will undoubtedly benefit you.
ISHANYA (NORTH-EAST): The angle that
lies midway between north and the east is known as Ishanya (north-east)
direction. Shiv is the lord of this angle. Pashupat is the weapon
of Shiv. Nakshatra Ardra is the symbol of Lord Shiv. Semul (silk-cotton)
tree is considered auspicious in this direction.
Worshipping of ruling God of this direction yields many virtues
in the life of the worshipper. Portion of the house in this direction
must be kept holy for it yields many kinds of divine powers to the
owner. Proper utilization of this portion of house provides wealth,
reputation, property and every kind of excellence for the owner.
A faulty utilization of this angle, however, may block successful
continuation of progeny.